DMPQ-What were the causes of intellectual awakening during mahajanpada era?

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Causes of intellectual awakening:

  • State formation and the rigidity of the Vedic religion constrained the liberty of thought and action. A revolt against religious practice of following dogmas found its articulation in heterodox sects.

 

  • As the Vedic religion had not yet permeated into the society, people did not find it difficult to follow the newly emerging religious sects.

 

 

  • With urbanization and expansion of trade, new classes of merchants and bankers such as sethis sought higher social status appropriate to their economic status.

 

  • The grievance of Kshatriyas was that they were denied a staged life of ashramas, a privilege permitted only to Brahmins in the Vedic texts.

 

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