02.02.21 Daily HPPSC Current Affairs

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Himachal supports snow leopard population, shares man-animal bondage


The Himalayan range of Himachal Pradesh supports a good population of the wide-roaming snow leopard with a bulk of its occurrence is reported outside protected areas, indicating a deep-rooted man-animal bondage.


This fact came to light in the just completed three-year first scientific assessment by the state wildlife wing in collaboration with the Nature Conservation Foundation.


As a flagship species, Himachal has adopted it as its state animal.


The estimation by laying camera traps indicated an estimated population of 73 snow leopards, said Forest Minister Rakesh Pathania.


He told IANS the estimation revealed that its density ranged from 0.08 to 0.37 individuals per 100 sq km in the trans-Himalayan regions of Spiti, Pin Valley and upper Kinnaur with recording the highest densities, both of the predator  and its prey, mainly the blue sheep (bharal) and the mountain ibex.


The Forest Minister said the results provide a robust baseline for the wildlife wing to set up a long-term monitoring project to track the population of snow leopard and its wild prey species.


The Nature Conservation Foundation had earlier carried out the snow leopard occupancy survey in 2012 in Lahaul-Spiti, Kinnaur and Chamba districts through interaction with locals, mainly herders.


The snow leopard landscape is dominated by Buddhists, who mostly grow peas and potatoes and have adapted themselves to co-exist with the wild animals as the species are deeply embedded in their folklore.


Military seizes power in Myanmar, announces 1year emergency

The Myanmar Military Tatmadaw has announced a one year state of emergency in the country.

The Vice President Myint Swe has been made the acting President and all powers have been transferred to the Commander in Chief Min Aung Hlaing.

The leaders have been detained for committing fraud in the national elections held on Nov 8.

The development follows early morning detention of the State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi, President Win Myint and other senior leaders from the ruling party National League for Democracy (NLD) by the military.

The detention comes hours before the first meeting of the newly elected parliament was to begin.

Aung San Suu Kyi took over as the head of the civilian government in 2015 after a long period of military rule in Myanmar.

World Bank Supports STARS Project

Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) and the World Bank signed a financial support agreement for the STARS project.

The Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), the World Bank and the Ministry of Education signed a financial support agreement for the implementation of the Ministry of Education’s “Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Results for States (STARS)” project.

The STARS project will be implemented as a new Centrally Sponsored Scheme under the Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSEL), MOE.

The project involves six states, namely Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala and Orissa. Various interventions will be provided to the identified states to improve the quality of education.

World Wetlands Day is on 2nd February


The World Wetland Day is celebrated on February 2 every year. This day is the date when the “Wetlands Convention” was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar on February 2, 1971. The theme for World Wetland 2021 is ” Wetlands and Water”. It was first celebrated in 1997.

Wetlands are ecosystems that are seasonally or permanently filled with water. These include mangroves, swamps, rivers, lakes, deltas, floodplains and flooded forests, rice fields, coral reefs, marine areas with a depth of no more than 6 meters at low tide, and constructed wetlands such as wastewater treatment ponds and reservoirs.

Although they cover only about 6% of the earth’s land surface, 40% of all animal and plant species live or reproduce in wetlands.



Aatma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana and Mission Poshan 2.0 2021 Budget

Indian Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced two new central sponsorship plans, namely Prime Minister Aatma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana and Mission Poshan 2.0 while announcing the alliance budget for 2021. According to the announcement, a new central sponsorship program will be launched called PM Aatma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana

PM Aatma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana:

In addition, the expenditure of Rs. Prime Minister Aatma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana announced Rs 661.8 billion, which is more than 6 years old. This was announced in addition to the National Health Mission (NHM).


Mission Pushan 2.0:

Mission Pushan 2.0 will be launched, with the goal of improving nutrient content, provision, extension and results. The plan will merge the slope mountain Abidjan and the supplementary nutrition plan. The mission is to improve nutritional outcomes in 112 Aspirational Districts.
Aspirational Districts are those areas that are affected by poor socioeconomic indicators in India. These areas are ambitious, because if any improvement is made in these areas, it may lead to an overall improvement in human development in India.


No Change in Income Tax Slabs in 2021 Budget


Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman did not propose any changes to the income tax plan in the “2021 Union Budget”. However, some relief for the elderly has been announced. Announced that seniors over 75 years old are exempt from paying income tax returns.


New rules have been formulated to avoid double taxation on NRI. In addition, NRI has been allowed to establish and operate one-person companies in India.

The tax audit limit has been increased from 50 million to 10 million. The minister announced that affordable housing projects will now be able to take advantage of the tax holiday until March 31, 2022.


Final Report of 15th Finance Commission


The Fifteenth Finance Committee of India has submitted a five-year final report. The submission of the report aims to change the financial management of Indian municipalities.


The interim report for the 2020-21 fiscal year is submitted to Parliament together with the 2020-21 budget.

The final report for the 2021-22 fiscal year to the 2025-26 fiscal year is submitted with the 2021-22 budget.

The 15th FC has significantly improved its standards for municipal financial governance in India in its interim report.


Green Tax Impacts the Sale of CNG Car


Two executives in the automotive industry recently emphasized that Maruti Suzuki India Co., Ltd. would benefit most from the government’s proposed green tax on gasoline and diesel vehicles.


According to the green tax guidelines, hybrid vehicles, electric vehicles and vehicles running on clean alternative fuels (such as CNG, ethanol and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)) will be exempt from green tax. Gasoline or diesel vehicles will be subject to higher taxes.

Higher taxes on gasoline and diesel cars will force people to switch to CNG. In turn, this will benefit companies such as Maruti and Hyundai. In addition, companies and dealers can use green transactions and increased purchase costs as marketing strategies to induce customers to buy CNG vehicles.


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