Development of political parties, major Political parties and their support base and performance in the Assembly and Parliamentary elections in Himachal Pradesh

Development of political parties, major Political parties and their support base and performance in the Assembly and Parliamentary elections in Himachal Pradesh:- POLITICAL PARTIES IN HIMACHAL PRADESH:- The key political players in Himachal Pradesh state in north-east India are the ruling Indian National Congress and Bharatiya Janata Party. There are only 4 Lok Sabha (lower … Read more

Administrative reforms for effective public service delivery in Himachal Pradesh

Administrative reforms for effective public service delivery in Himachal Pradesh Delivering public services in a time bound, decentralised and citizen friendly manner has been one of the major challenges facing the administration wing of the government. This paper focuses on assessing the diligent delivery of what is known as G2C (government to citizen) services on … Read more

Environment protection and pollution control Act and rules.

The Environment Protection Act is an important legislation that provides for coordination of activities of the various regulatory agencies, creation of authorities with adequate powers for environmental protection, regulation of the discharge of environmental pollutants, handling of hazardous substances, etc. The Act provided an opportunity to extend legal protection to non-forest habitats (‘Ecologically Sensitive Areas’) … Read more

Important missions and programmes of Department of Space and Indian Space Research Organization.

Space Technology- Indian space programs. Application of Satellites for different purposes   Despite being a developing economy with its attendant problems, India has effectively developed space technology and has applied it successfully for its rapid development and today is offering a variety of space services globally. Indian Space Program: During the formative decade of 1960s, … Read more

Important international Institutions, agencies and fora, their structure and mandate.

An international organization is an organization with an international membership, scope, or presence. There are two main types: International nongovernmental organizations(INGOs): non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that operate internationally. These include international non-profit organizations and worldwide companies such as the World Organization of the Scout Movement, International Committee of the Red Cross. Intergovernmental organizations, also known as international governmental organizations (IGOs): the type of organization most closely associated with … Read more

Information sharing and transparency in government and Right to information act 2005

Information sharing and transparency in government and Right to information act 2005 Transparency and accountability in administration as the sine qua non of participatory democracy, gained recognition as the new commitments of the state towards its citizens. It is considered imperative to enlist the support and participation of citizens in management of public services. Traditionally, … Read more

Accountability and ethical governance

Accountability and ethical governance Accountability means being answerable for the performance of tasks assigned to a person; if task assigned is selection of beneficiaries for a scheme, then accountability will imply whether the selection has been carried out by applying the criteria, and following the procedures laid down, in the timely manner within the budgets … Read more

Citizen charter

Citizen charter The Citizens’ Charter is an instrument which seeks to make an organization transparent, accountable and citizen friendly. A Citizens’ Charter is basically a set of commitments made by an organization regarding the standards of service which it delivers. Every citizens’ charter has several essential components to make it meaningful; the first being the … Read more

Human Development Index

Human Development Index The HDI is an average measure of basic human development achievements in a country measured by UNDP. It is an average of long-term progress in three basic dimensions of human development viz. a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living. India has been placed at 130th … Read more

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