Types of tourism: religious, adventure, heritage, Important tourist destinations in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh has several option for adventure tourism like Paragliding (Solang-Manali), Trekking (In Himachal Kullu-Manali area is best for trekking and addition to this tribal area is also having several trekking roots. Main trekking routs of Himachal are Kinner-Kailash, Pin-Parbati, Manali-Padam-Leh etc.), Hang-gliding (Bir and Billing of Kangra district), river rafting (River Beas in Kullu and Satlej river at Tatapani), mountaineering (all the high peaks of Himachal), angling (Beas and Satlej), water sports (Kayaking, Canoeing, surfing etc.) at Pong Dam, Govind Sagar. In addition to these adventure activities Himachal Pradesh is known for its snow related activities as Skiing (Solang Area, Narkanda, Kufrl), Ice skating (Shimla) and Hell Skiing (Narkanda). Himachal Pradesh is having a large scope for the development of adventure tourism in the state.
Himachal Pradesh is blessed with a lot of Heritage sites, natural as well as cultural. In Himachal Pradesh there are 40 monuments, which are identified as the monuments of national importance. These are as follows in Chamba district (Ganesh temple, Taxana Devi temple, Mani Mahesh temple, Narsingh Temple, Bansi Gopal temple, Chamunda temple, Harirai temple, Narain Temple, Shailusbonit idols, Sita Ram temple, Champa Devi temple, Shakti Devi temple and Brajeshwari temple, Chatrari temple; In Kangra District (Kangra fort, Masroor temple, Kotia fort, paintings on Khniyara stone, Pathiyar stone writing, Nurpur fort, Katoch Mahal, Narbdeshwar temple, Ashapur temple, Vaidyanath temple, Sidhnath temple, Vridh stup of chhitru,; in Shimla (Viceregal lodge); In Mandi (Birsila Smarak, Trilokinath, Panchvaktra temple, Ardhnarishwar temple; In Lahul (Marikula temple, ki monastery, tabo monastery) in Kullu (Hidimba temple, Visheshwar mahadev temple, Gauri Shanker temple) in addition to this the stone age places in Bilaspur and Kangra districts. Shimla- The summer capital of the erstwhile British Raj, the Indian National Trust had identified 372 heritage buildings in Shimla and surrounding areas. These heritage buildings have been divided into three categories. The first category includes the buildings with their architecture intact, the second category is of the buildings with little changes in their structure and third category comprises those in which alteration have been made in the basic structure itself. About 113 such buildings have been identified on the Mall and the adjoining areas. The buildings under the heritage category include some of the brilliant examples of British architecture. Among them are Chalet Day School, Christ Church, Gaiety Theatre, GPO, Banatony, Gorton Castle and US Club buildings.
Important tourist destinations
There are several important tourist places in this centre like Naldehra, Kufri, Narkanda, Sarahan, Hatkoti, Rampur, Tatapani, Karsog, Chindi, Nirmand etc. These places are blessed with immense tourism potential.
Kullu – Manali region
The Kullu-Manali tourist complex is spread in the entire Kullu valley, which is lavishly gifted with superb scenic wealth. Kullu, also ‘known as valley of Gods’, has numerous temples.
There are several tourist places in this circuit like Nagar, Jagatsukh, Naggar, Raisan, Katrain, Bajaura, Banjar, Shojha, Bhuntar, Kasol, Manikaran, Malana, Solang, Kothi, Rohtang. This circuit is having a lot of potential for adventure tourism, religious tourism, fairs and festivals etc.
Chamba circuit is having several beautiful tourist places like Dalhousie, Khajiyar, Bharmaur, Manimahesh, Hadsar, Banikhet, Pangi, Churah and Kilar etc. The whole Chamba area is very rich in its culture and heritage.
Some magnificent old temple, marvellous places for adventure activities, Maharana Pratap Sagar lake. Some of the main places of this circuit are Dharmshala, Kangra, Bir, Billing, Andretta, Jawalaji, Chintpurnl, Pong Dam, Paragpur, etc.
Mandi is situated on the banks of the river Beas. It has a rich culture and history represented by its temples, which are a major tourists draw. Mandi is an important trading centre situated on the Pathankot-Kullu road. The town is also the gateway to Himachal’s most famous valleys – Kullu, Manali, Lahaul and Spiti. Mandi is also on the Kullu-Shimla road via Bilaspur. Mandi is known as Kashi of Himachal Pradesh because of its Shiva temples. There are about 81 old temples of Lord Shiva. Rewalsar is a sacred place of Hindus, Sikhs and Buddhists, Other places in this circuit are Jogindernagar, Parashar, Janjehli, Shikari Devi, Kamrunag, Barot, Sundernagar etc.
Nahan was founded by Raja Kama Parkash in 1621 A.D. as his capital city. It is crowned by the 3,647 metres high choordhar peak. Nahan’s close proximity to plains makes it an all weather holiday resort.
Other important places in this circuit are Paonta Sahib, Choordhar, Naura Dhar, Haripur Dhar etc.
Lahaul & Spiti and tribal region
Villages of Kalpa, Peo, Nako, Lakes- Chanedrtal & Sraj Tal, Glaciers – Bara Sigh and Chhota Sigh, Temples at Udaipur and Triloknath, and the most famous rout to Ladakh through Keylong and Sarchu.
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