Populations of Himachal Pradesh
The population of Himachal has been increasing continuously over the years. However the growth rate of total population shows a decreasing trend over the last three decades. In 2011 the total provisional population of Himachal Pradesh is 68, 64,602 out of which 34, 81,873 were males (51%) and 33, 82,729 (49%) were females. The rural population was on the higher side 90% and urban 10% the percentage share of urban population has been increasing continuously over the previous years with figures of 7.61% in 1981, 8.69% in 1991, 9.80% in 2001 and 10.00% in 2011 Census.
The number of women per 1000 men (sex ratio) which was 958 in 1971 increased to 972 in 2011. In Hamirpur district 1095 in 2011. Density per sq. Km as per population census is increased from 62 to123 in 1971 to 2011. Birth rate and death rate have been decreasing both in rural and urban areas over the years. The birth rate in 2011 for rural areas was 17.1 as compared to 11.2 in urban areas. The total marital fertility rate of Himachal Pradesh was 1.2 as compared to All India 3.2 in 2011. The Residential houses have also increased from 12, 21,589 to 14,83,280.
Religious Composition of population of State
Population Growth rate of various religion has come down in the last decade (2001-2011). Hindu Population Growth rate slowed down to 16.76 % from previous decade figure of 19.92% while Muslim witness sharp fall in growth rate to 24.60% (2001-2011) from the previous figure of 29.52 % (1991-2001). Such sharp fall in population growth rate for Muslims didn’t happened in the last 6 decades. Christian Population growth was at 15.5% while Sikh population growth rate stood at 8.4%. The most educated and wealthly community of Jains registered least growth rate in 2001-2011 with figure of just 5.4%.
The Growth rate of Hindus, Muslims and Christian is expected to fall more in upcoming 2021 census while other religions like Sikhism, Jainism and Buddism are expected to remain stable for next 2 decades considering already slowed down growth rate of these religions.
In 2011 the overall literacy rate was about 82.80% with male literacy rate of 89.53% and female literacy rate 75.93%. As per the census 2011the highest literacy rate both male and female was in Hamirpur district 94.36% & 82.62% respectively. Literacy percentage among Scheduled Castes has increased from 70.3% in 2001 to 78.92% in 2011, 86.23% males & 71.46% were females in 2011 census. Literacy percentage among Scheduled Tribes has increased from 65.5% in 2001 to 73.64% in 2011 the males literacy rate was 83.17% and females literacy rate 64.20% in 2011.
Population- 1729252( 25.2% of total population of state)
Child Population(0-6)- 12.54%
Population- 392126 ( 5.71% of total population of state)
Child Population(0-6)- 12.22%
Population-155316 (2.26 % of total Population)
Male-86321(1.25% of total Population)
Female-68995(1% of total Population)
Population – 61312 (0.89% of State population)
Male- 32555 (0.47% of State population)
Female – 28757 (0.41% of State population)
Literacy rate- 87.74%
India is home to 4.5 lakh houseless families which has total population of 17.73 Lakh living without any support roof cover. The highest being living in state of Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra. The Sex Ratio of houseless population of India is just 694 females per 1000 Males. Total 2.7 lakh children with age 0-6 are also houseless in India as per primary census data of 2011. Literacy rate of houseless people is 56.07% lower than national average of 74.04%.
Houseless population of Himachal pradesh
Population – 4098 persons are housless
Literacy rate- 47.16%
Employment Level of population in Himachal Pradesh
Creating jobs for social and economic development of the youth has been given foremost importance by the Himachal government.
While the educated and skilled youth are getting absorbed in the local industries, a need-based training is being given to those people who are shifting from agriculture to other sources of livelihood.
As per the latest estimates, 30.05% of the total population of the state is classified as main workers, 21.81% marginal workers and the rest 48.15% are non-workers.
Out of the total workforce, 57.93% are cultivators and 4.92% are farm labourers, 1.65% are engaged in household industry and 35.50% in other activities.
Men’s employment rates are similar to the rest of the country, but the bigger success story is in women’s employment. In 2011–12, about 63 percent of rural women in the state reported themselves as being employed. Himachal Pradesh ranks second in female labor force participation in the country, after Sikkim, and significantly above the all-India average of 27 percent.
Poverty Rate in the State
One of the main achievements of Himachal Pradesh was its success in raising people out of poverty. Between 1993–94 and 2011, there was a fourfold drop in poverty in the state. Rural poverty, where 90 percent of its population lives, declined from 36.8 percent to 8.5 percent. The overall poverty decline benefitted all social groups across rural and urban areas.[/lockercat]HPPCS Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for HPPCS Prelims and HPPCS Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by HPPCS Notes are as follows:-
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