26.11.21 Daily HPPSC Current Affairs



Collaborated efforts led to Shimla topping UDG Index 2021-22, says Himachal CM

Himachal Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur applauded the collaborative efforts of the people of the state as Shimla city has been placed on top in the country in Urban Development Goals Index 2021-22 released by NITI Aayog. Congratulating the people of the state, Thakur said that NITI Aayog has included 56 cities which include 44 cities having population of more than 10 lakh and capitals of 12 states with population of less than 10 lakhs.

He said that this list has been prepared keeping in view the performance of cities under categories such as poverty, health, education, gender equality, affordable and clean energy and climate action.  46 targets and 77 indicators were fixed for the evaluation of this ranking and Shimla city has got the best position with 75.50 marks out of 100, he said.

Thakur further said that although most of the population of the country resides in villages, cities also play an important role in the development of the country.  Therefore, NITI Aayog under the Indo-German Development Corporation, in collaboration with GIZ and BMZ have developed a dashboard for the latest information regarding the Sustainable Development Goals Urban Index, he added.




Israel’s airstrike on central Syria


According to military of Syria, Israeli warplanes attacked army positions in the its central region on November 23, 2021. This attack left two civilians dead and seven people wounded, of which six are soldiers.


As per report, warplanes fired missiles while flying over the airspace of Lebanon.

Syria’s air defences shot down most of the missiles.



Israel has carried hundreds of strikes on targets in government-controlled Syria for years. But it has rarely acknowledged or discussed such operations. However, Israel has acknowledged that it targets the bases of Iran-allied militias, like Lebanon’s Hezbollah group which has deployed fighters in Syria.

Israel–Syria relations


Israel and Syria have been locked in a perpetual war ever since the establishment of Israel in 1948. Most significant and direct armed engagements between both the countries was in First Arab–Israeli War in 1948–1949, Third Arab–Israeli War of 1967, as well as the Fourth Arab–Israeli War of 1973. Apart from that, Israeli and Syrian forces also witnessed extensive combat against each other during Lebanese Civil War and War of Attrition.





NCRA astronomers discover “Main-sequence Radio Pulse’ emitters”


Astronomers from Pune-based National centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA) have discovered eight stars which belong to a rare class called Main-sequence Radio Pulse emitters or MRPs.


MRPs were discovered using ‘Giant Metre-wave Radio Telescope (GMRT)’ located in Pune.

Group of scientists discovered the rare class of radio stars which are hotter than the Sun. They have unusually strong magnetic fields and are much stronger stellar wind. As a result of this, these stars emit bright radio pulses like a lighthouse.

Team had also discovered three more similar stars in the past using Giant Metre-wave Radio Telescope (GMRT).

Thus, there are 15 known MRPs so far.

11 MRPs were discovered with GMRT. Eight of MRPs were discovered in 2021 alone.


INS Vela: Indian Navy to commission indigenously built Scorpene-class submarine


The Indian Navy is set to commission INS Vela, on November 25, 2021, which is the fourth stealth Scorpene class submarine under Project 75.


Induction of INS Vela will boost its combat capability.

Project 75 comprises of construction of six submarines of Scorpene design. Out of six, three submarines namely Karanj, Kalvari, Khanderi, have already been commissioned.

INS Vela


INS Vela has been built by Mumbai-based Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd in association with M/s Naval Group of France.

Earlier version of INS Vela was commissioned on August 31, 1973, rendering its yeoman service to the nation for 37 eventful years. It was finally decommissioned on June 25, 2010.

INS Vela is a potent man of war. It is capable of offensive operations which span across entire spectrum of maritime warfare.

Induction of Vela consolidates position of Indian Navy as a builder’s Navy significantly. It will add sharpness and strength to the combat capability of Indian Navy.

This project was conceptualised during IK Gujral government for acquisition of 25 submarines. Following it, India & France signed a $ 3.75 billion contract to build six Scorpene class submarines in 2005.


E-portal of accreditation scheme


Minister also handed over 52 mines block to the government representatives from 15 state.


This scheme was launched at the 5th National Conclave on Mines and Minerals at New Delhi.

On the occasion, minister facilitated 149 awards for last 3 years to the coal and mine sector. These sectors have been awarded for their 5-star rating performance and sustainable mining.

He also handed over 52 mines blocks to 15 states including two north-eastern states. 52 blocks have been approved by Geological Survey of India for minerals mining.

Significance of the E-portal of accreditation scheme

Launch of the portal help in simplifying the application process for mining blocks exploration. It will also help in ensuring transparency during the auction of coals. The portal will bring all the stakeholders together on this digital platform, in order to work for the country.

‘Bharat Gaurav’ scheme- Key Facts


Indian Railways has launched a new scheme called “Bharat Gaurav Scheme” on November 23, 2021. Under this scheme, private tour operators can take trains on lease from railways and run these trains on any circuit of their choice.


Private operators would also get the freedom to decide routes, fares and quality of services on the trains.


For this purpose, railways have earmarked 3033 ICF coaches, roughly equal to 150 trains.


Anyone including from trusts, societies, consortia and even state governments can apply to lease these trains and run them on special theme-based tourism circuits.

Theme-based Tourism


Theme-based tourism circuit means, trains like:


Guru Kripa which goes to all places linked to Guru Nanak


Ramayan-themed train which goes to all places related to Lord Ram.


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