12.01.22 HPPSC Daily Current Affairs

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HIMACHAL PRADESH

 

 

Govt’s benefits not reaching farmers in Himachal: BharatiyaKisan Sangh

The local unit of the BharatiyaKisan Sangh (BKS) led jointly by its president Satpal Dhiman and Kangra district president Hoshiar Singh today submitted a memorandum to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the Union Agriculture Minister in support of the burning problems of farmers.

The BKS lamented that the benefits of government-sponsored welfare schemes for farmers were not reaching the beneficiaries, forcing them to abandon fields.

In the memorandum, the BKS said that abandoned stray cattle were causing enormous losses to farmers and demanded an effective solution to the problem. It also demanded the e-portal facility for the welfare schemes so that farmers could avail of their benefits without hassles.

It also underlined the need to promote organic farming, rearing of milch cattle and curbing the menace of illegal mining, which has spoiled agricultural land and underground water resources in the region. The BKS stated in the memorandum that the farmers, who suffered losses due to natural calamities such as drought, hailstorm, storms and heavy snowfall, should be provided compensation directly in their bank accounts.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

The Global Risks Report 2022

 

The World Economic Forum recently released the Global Risks Report 2022. Cybersecurity, pandemic, climate change and space advancements are the emerging risks to global economy.

 

The global economy is to shrink by 2.3% by 2024. However, in developing countries this is to be 5.5%. In rich countries, it will be 0.9%

Digital security

The online platforms have increased tremendously during the pandemic. The COVID has brought in major work shift. People are now attending classes online. This has increased the security risks.

Cyber Threats

The cyber threats are growing at humanely uncontrollable rates. The criminals are using tougher tactics and therefore, the cyber threats are becoming more aggressive day by day. Cryptocurrencies are creating easy path of escape for the cyber criminals. Today 90% of the ransomware attacks are paid in cryptocurrencies.

 

World Bank’s ‘Global Economic Prospects’ Report

 

The report notes that, Global economic growth will decrease sharply to 4.1% in 2022 and 3.2% in 2023, from 5.5% in 2021.

 

It projects India’s annual growth to be 8.3% in the fiscal year 2021-2022, 8.7% in 2022-23, while 6.8% in 2023-24.

 

It also flagged the risks posed by rising inflation and growing inequality.

 

It noted that, after having recovered in 2021, global economy is headed towards “pronounced slowdown”, because of new Covid-19 variants, increasing inflation, debt & income inequality, reducing fiscal & monetary support and decreasing demand.

 

First Pig heart transplant in Human

 

Recently, doctors transplanted a pig heart into a patient in a last effort to save his life, in Maryland hospital in USA. It was done for the first time in the history of medical.

 

The patient is doing well three days after this highly experimental surgery.

 

This marks a significant step in the decades-long debate on using animal organs for life-saving transplants. However, it is too soon to know, if the operation will work.

 

As per Doctors at University of Maryland Medical Center, transplant highlighted that heart from a genetically modified animal can function in human body, without immediate rejection.

 

NATIONAL

 

Purposive testing strategy

 

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) issued new guidelines on “Purposive Testing Strategy”, amid rising cases of covid-19 cases.

 

ICMR issued guidelines on who needs to get tested for the infection, and who doesn’t.

As per the guidelines, asymptomatic individuals, and contacts of Covid patients are not required to be tested unless identified as “high-risk individuals” based on co-morbidities or age.

It also mentioned that at-risk contacts of patients would be person aged above 60 years and individuals with co-morbidities such as chronic lung or kidney disease, diabetes, hypertension, malignancy and obesity.

People undertaking “inter-state domestic travel are also not required to get tested.

 

AI- driven Start-Up for Water Purification

 

Union Minister Dr Jitendra Singh launched Artificial Intelligence (AI) driven Start-Up for water purification through innovative technology.

 

AI driven start-up for water purification has been developed by an IIT Alumni.

The start-up was launched with the aim of providing clean drinking water at a lesser price, as opposed the market price.

The Technology Development Board (a statutory body of Science & Technology department) also signed a MoU with M/s Swajal Water Private Limited which is a tech Start Up company founded by ex-IITians. The company focuses on innovative technologies for making reliable clean drinking water accessible to communities at affordable prices. Their project on IoT has enabled the use of “Solar Water Purification Unit” for villages, slums, and High Utility Areas.

 

DRDO Flight Test of MPATGM

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) flight tested the Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM), successfully.

 

During the flight test, final deliverable configuration of the MPATGM was tested.

 

MPATGM is an indigenously developed anti-tank missile, a low weight and a ‘fire and forget’ missile.

It was launched from a launcher, which was man portable. It was integrated with thermal sight.

 

During the test, the missile impacted designated target with precision and destroyed it.

The MPATGM, dubbed as “Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile”, is a third-generation fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile.

 

Passport SevaProgramme (PSP-V 2.0)

 

The Passport Seva Programme Version – 2 is an extension of Passport Seva Programme Version – 1. It is an online service. It was launched under the National E – Governance Plan.

 

The Government of India is to launch e – Passports very soon for citizens renewing their passport or applying for new passport.

 

About PSP – V – 2.0

 

It is an expansion of PSP – 1. It brought in several changes to the delivery of passports. The main objective of the second version is to create a digital platform for passport related services. This is to make the process more transparent, accessible and reliable.

 

Under the second version, several technological upgrades are to be added. This includes Chat – Bot, advance data analytics, auto – response, cloud enablement and natural language processing.

 

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