10.01.20 Himachal Pradesh (HPPSC) Daily Current Affairs

HIMACHAL PRADESH

 

HP aims to increase 30% forest cover by 2030

With the help of 1,18,932 local people, the Himachal Pradesh forest department had planted 26,47,146 saplings across the state last year during the five-day campaign.
It was for the first time in the history of the state that so many saplings were planted within five days under a campaign.

The state government aims at increasing the forest area up to 30 per cent by 2030 and to achieve this goal, various initiatives have been taken. Every section of society will be involved in the plantation programmes.

With public support, the forest department has been successful in increasing the green cover in the state. According to report of the Forest Survey of India for 2019, the green forest cover area, which was 15,100 sq km in 2017, has been increased to 15,433.52 sq km in 2019.

The moderately dense forest area of the state, which was 6,705 sq km in 2017, has been increased to 7,125.93 sq km in 2019. Similarly, between 2017 and 2019, the dense forest area of the state has also increased from 3,110 sq km to 3,112.71 sq km.

Ecosystem Management and Livelihood Improvement project of Rs 800 crore, funded by the JICA, has been started in six districts which include Kullu, Mandi, Lahaul-Spiti, Bilaspur, Shimla and Kinnaur.

The main goal of the project is to improve the ecosystem services in the forest area for sustainable socio-economic development in the state.

Under the project, 460 committees will be constituted for promoting activities like forest and environmental protection, biodiversity and organism conservation and improvement in livelihood-like activities will be encouraged.

Through this project, the local rural forest development committees will be empowered to visit various states and training programmes will be organised to make them aware of the ongoing schemes in other states.

 

INTERNATIONAL

World Hindi Day is observed on 10 January

 

World Hindi Day is observed on 10 January 2020. It is observed every year. The day ensures to promote the Hindi language around the world. World Hindi Day is different from National Hindi Day. 

 

The day aims to create a suitable environment to promote Hindi worldwide and to present Hindi as the prevalent language of the world.

 

On this day, Indian Foreign Ministries located abroad organizes various programs.

People of Indian origin living abroad organize various programs and celebrate the day.

Unique programs for Hindi on various subjects are organized in all government offices.

 

 

NATIONAL

India tightens export policy for the rice to EU countries

 

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry amended the export policy for rice export to the European Union (EU) members.

 

Under the tightened inspection policy, the Basmati and non-Basmati rice to outbound shipments are subject to certificates issued by Export Inspection Council (EIC) or Export Inspection Agency. Earlier the export was free to EU member states. The policy includes the EU member states and European countries namely Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.

 

India’s rice export to European countries dipped to around 40% in 2018-19 due to the issue of maximum residue level (MRL) in pesticides. Currently, the market is likely to shrink further in 2020 as rice samples have failed the mandatory testing.

 

Forest Advisory Committee approved the Green Credit Scheme to trade in forests

The Forest Advisory Committee approved a Green Credit Scheme that will allow the forest to be traded as a commodity. 

 

Green Credit Scheme:

Under the Green Credit Scheme, the Forest Department is allowed to outsource to non-government/private agencies.

The scheme is in line with the Green India Mission that aims to achieve its target of 2.523 billion tonnes of carbon by 2020-30. It involves adding 30 million hectares in addition to an existing forest.

Green Credit Scheme allows agencies they could be private companies, village forest communities to identify land and begin growing plantations.

 

Government issues notification to bring Citizenship Amendment Act into effect

 

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act has come into effect from 10 January.

The Centre has issued a gazette notification in this regard.

The notification said, the Central Government appoints the 10th day of January, 2020 as the date on which provisions of the Act will come into force.

According to the Act, members of six minority communities who have come to India from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan till December 31, 2014 facing religious persecution there will not be treated as illegal immigrants.

They will be given Indian citizenship.

These communities are of the Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians.

 

Haryana, Karnataka and Kerala top State Energy Efficiency Index 2019

 

Haryana, Karnataka and Kerala have topped the State Energy Efficiency Index 2019.

This index tracks the progress of Energy Efficiency (EE) initiatives in 36 states and union territories based on 97 significant indicators.

The State Energy Efficiency Index categorises states as ‘Front Runner’, ‘Achiever’, ‘Contender’ and ‘Aspirant’ based on their efforts and achievements towards energy efficiency implementation.

The top performing states in the State EE Index 2019 – Haryana, Kerala and Karnataka – are in the ‘Achiever’ category.

There isn’t any ‘frontrunner’ state, it can be inferred that a lot more can be done at the state level to realise energy savings from energy efficiency.

This index is developed by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) in association with the Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE).

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