10.04.19 Himachal Pradesh (HPPCS) Current Affairs

HIMACHAL PRADESH

  • Himachal Pradesh celebrated 72nd Himachal Day on 15th April

 

  • Himachal Pradesh celebrated72nd Himachal Day on 15th April. Himachal Day is celebrated to commemorate its creation. 

 

Before Independence:

 

  • The genesis of the Himachal Day Before independence, most of the areas of Himachal Pradesh was part of Punjab state and during that time this region was divided into four different regions such as Chamba, Mandi, Shimla, etc.

 

After independence:

 

  • After the independence, in 1948the state was declared as a union territory. On the 15th April Chief Commission inaugurated this territory and after that this day was celebrated as ‘Himachal Day’ every year. Later in the 1970 the union territory was declared as a separate state.

 

  • On 25th January 1971, it became the 18th state of the country. Himachal Pradesh has developed rapidly after coming into existence on April 15, 1948, following the merger of 30 princely states. Difficult geographical conditions, inaccessible areas, and other complexities could not affect the courage of the people.

INTERNATIONAL

 

  • IMF scales down India’s growth projection for current fiscal to 7.3%

 

  • The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has moderately scaled down India’s economic growth projection to 7.3 per cent for the current financial year from its earlier forecast of 7.4 per cent.

 

  • Despite this, the country will remain the fastest-growing large economy as the nearest competitor China’s growth is pegged at 6.6 per cent, 6.3 per cent and 6.1 per cent for 2018, 2019 and 2020, respectively.

 

  • Google launched its 1st drone delivery service in Australia

 

  • Wing, one of the many companies belonging to Alphabet (Google parent) made its first delivery in Canberra, Australia after getting approval from the Australia’s Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA).
  • The drones will deliver food and drinks as well as medication directly to clients’ homes.
  • Wing was testing drone delivery in Australia since 2014 and delivered medicines, chocolate to 3,000 homes in the last 18 months.
  • Wing is now preparing to launch a trial service in Helsinki, Finland.

 

  • April 10: World Homoeopathy Day

 

  • The World Homoeopathy Day2019 is observed across the world on April 10, 2019 to commemorate the birth anniversary of the founder of Homoeopathy, Dr. Christian FriedrichSamuel Hahnemann.
  • The week following the birth date of Hahnemann, that is, 10 April – 16 Aprilis observed as the World Homeopathic Awareness Week.
  • This year it is 263rd birth anniversary of founder of Homoeopathy.

NATIONAL

  • ‘Desi Bofors’ Dhanush inducted in Army in bid to modernise artillery

 

  • In an important step towards upgrading the combat power of the artillery, the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) handed over the first six Dhanush 155 millimetre (mm) artillery guns to the army.

 

  • This is part of an order for 114 guns being delivered by the OFB’s Gun Carriage Factory, Jabalpur.

 

  • The Dhanush is also called the “Desi Bofors”, having been developed from blueprints supplied by Bofors in the 1980s, when India bought 400 Swedish FH-77B howitzers.

 

  • Dream11 became Indias first billion-dollar gaming Startup

 

  • Mumbai-basedDream11 has become India’s first gaming unicorn or billion-dollar startup with an investment from Steadview Capital.
  • Apart from Steadview Capital, Kalaari Capital, Think Investments, Multiples Equity and Tencent investments collectively put Dream11’s total evaluation beyond $1 billion.
  • The investment by Hong Kong and London-based Steadview Capital comes about eight months after Dream 11 sealed a $100 million equity financing round led by Tencent, which is world’s fifth-largest internet company.

 

  • Decolourisation of River Periyar

 

  • The River Periyar in Kerala is again witnessing the decolourisation. The decolourisation of River Periyar which provides drinking water to Kochi city.

 

  • The pollution control Board (PCB) has attributed the change in colour to the poor quality of water as a result of eutrophication.

 

  • River Periyar is an artificial reservoir created by Mullaperiyar Dam across the river

 

  • Periyar is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala. The Periyar is of utmost significance to the economy of Kerala

 

  • It generates a significant proportion of Kerala’s electrical power via the Idukki Dam and flows along a region of industrial and commercial activity. The river also provides water for irrigation and domestic use throughout its course besides supporting a rich fishery. The river has been named as the “Lifeline of Kerala”. 25% of Kerala’s industries are along the banks of river Periyar

    Gk bit : Eutrophication

 

  • Eutrophication is when a body of water becomes overly enriched with minerals and nutrients which induce excessive growth of plants and algae

 

  • This process may result in oxygen depletion of the water body. One example is an “algal bloom” or a great increase of phytoplankton in a water body as a response to increased levels of nutrients.

 

  • Eutrophication is often induced by the discharge of nitrate or phosphate-containing detergents, fertilizers, or sewage into an aquatic system

 

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