7.2.23 HPPSC Daily Current Affairs

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Technology to reduce water use in textile sector
The Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar, has developed an innovative green technology — air nano bubble — that can reduce the use of water up to 90 per cent in textile industry. Nearly 200 litres of water is required to process 1 kg of cotton fabric.
The laboratory reports suggest the air nano bubble dispersed in water could reduce the water consumption and chemical dosage by 90-95 per cent.
This ultimately also saves 90 per cent of the energy consumption, said Dr Neelkanth Nirmalkar, who has developed the technology.
In the textile industry, the water is used at many steps, including for dyeing, finishing chemicals in the textile substrates, desizing (process of removal of sizing material from yarn), scouring, bleaching, and mercerizing (chemical treatment of fabric to enhance affinity towards dye).
At the same time, the textile industry also produces the highest volume of waste water.
India Extended USD 40 Million for Bolstering Sports Infrastructure in Maldives.
External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar has extended a concessional USD 40 million Line of Credit for developing sporting infrastructure in the Maldives. It is a part of New Delhi’s efforts to bring Prime Minister Narendra Modi‘s flagship projects such as fit India and Khelo India into the stretch of the Neighborhood First Policy. External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar is on a visit to the Maldives to further expand bilateral engagement with the key maritime neighbor of India.
External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar has inaugurated the community center with his Maldivian counterpart Abdulla Shahid.
Sports infrastructure across islands will be developed through the dedicated concessional USD 40 million Line of Credit.
List of world’s deadliest earthquakes since 2000.
An earthquake with a magnitude 7.8 hit Turkey and Syria. More than 4,000 people died in Turkey and Syria as a result of an earthquake. As rescuers search the debris of collapsed buildings for trapped victims in the bitter cold and snow, the death toll is anticipated to grow.
On June 22, 2022, an earthquake of a magnitude of 6.1 killed over 1,100 people in Afghanistan.
On August 14, 2021, a 7.2-magnitude earthquake struck Haiti, killing almost 2,200 people.
On September 28, 2018, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.5 struck Indonesia, killing almost 4,300 people.
More than 300 people were killed on August 24, 2016, by a 6.2 magnitude earthquake in central Italy.
On April 25, 2015, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake in Nepal killed around 8,800 people.
On August 3, 2014, a 6.2-magnitude earthquake close to Wenping, China, claimed the lives of around 700 people.
NCERT Launched India’s First National Assessment Regulator “PARAKH”
The National Council for Education Research and Training (NCERT) has released India’s first national assessment regulator, PARAKH, which will work on setting norms, standards, and guidelines for student assessment and evaluation for all recognized school boards in the country.
The PARAKH regulator aims to set up assessment guidelines for all boards to help remove disparities in the scores of students enrolled with different state boards. PARAKH stands for The Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development. It is established within the education survey division of the NCERT.
PARAKH has been launched as a part of the implementation of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020.
It has envisaged a standard-setting body to advise school boards regarding the new assessment patterns and the latest research and promote collaboration between them.
PARAKH will work in three major assessment areas including large-scale assessments, school-based assessments, and examination reforms.
Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana generated 1.12 crore net additional employment from 2015 to 2018
As per the results of a large sample survey conducted at the national level by Ministry of Labour and Employment (MoLE) to assess employment generation under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY), the scheme helped in generating 1.12 crore net additional employment during a period of approximately 3 years (i.e. from 2015 to 2018). This was stated by the Union Minister of State for Finance, Dr Bhagwat Kisanrao Karad, The Minister further stated that out of the total 81 lakh loans extended in the State of Rajasthan, more than 52 lakh loans have been extended to Women entrepreneurs in the last three financial years. This amounts to 64% of loans to Women.
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